The rapid growth and changing environmental and social conditions have heavily affected the prevalence and patterns of cancer prevalence. Prostate cancer, in particular, has seen a significant rise in prevalence, attributed to change in the lifestyle of the modern man. One study found prostate cancer to be among the top three most prevalent cancers diagnosed, highlighting the scale of the problem.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men worldwide, initially developing slowly before it grows and then can potentially metastasize – or spread – to other organs. Mutations in the cell’s DNA cause them to divide and grow rapidly, causing them to accumulate and form a tumour. When cancer spreads out of the prostate, it can travel to nearby organs such as the bladder, or travel to bones to cause pain and broken bones. Prostate cancer that is detected early when confined to the prostate gland has a better chance of successful treatment.
There are many common risk factors seen among men. Apart from the common genetic risks we cannot influence such as older age, genetic history and ethnic background, there are many risk factors that can be changed, such an unhealthy diet. Some research has suggested excessive usage of calcium supplements can have an impact. Obesity can also increase the overall risk of getting prostate cancer and is a known epidemic, with a prevalence of up to 31.6 per cent of males.
“Poor diet as a risk factor for prostate cancer; red meat and a high-fat diet have been found to influence risk. The move towards a fast-food diet has seen an increase in the number of prostate cancer cases seen. This has also brought about concerns of obesity, another well-known risk factor for cancer,” said Dr. Amgad Farouk, Consultant Urologist from Medcare Hospital Dubai.
Symptoms in men can include trouble urinating, discomfort in the pelvic area and bone pain. “Men must attend regular screenings for prostate cancer as it is key to beating the disease. It is also incredibly important for patients to see their healthcare provider as soon as they suspect any symptoms related to prostate cancer – the earlier we detect cancer, the better the outlook is for treatment and recovery,” said Dr. Farouk.
Screening is carried out through a blood test that screens for a prostate-specific antigen to uncover cancer.
There are common steps men can take to lower their risk of prostate cancer. Doctors recommend ensuring a healthy diet, full of fruits and vegetables with minimally processed foods.
References available on request.