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Beta-blockers ‘safe’ for heart disease treatments, new study reveals

Article-Beta-blockers ‘safe’ for heart disease treatments, new study reveals

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Latest research by St. George's University (SGU) may be key to curb increasing cardiovascular concerns in the Middle East.

Faculty members at St. George's University (SGU), School of Medicine — Dr. Rohit Mishra and Dr. Aishwarya Singh — recently concluded research that could impact heart health, and associated treatments, on a global level.

The research programme evaluated the benefits and risks of beta blockers – a class of medications used to manage abnormal heart rhythms and prevent heart attacks from recurring.

Related: Prioritising heart health for a healthier future

The results and findings offer hope to those suffering with heart problems, alongside other co-existing conditions, that beta blockers can be a recommended treatment option. However, the effectiveness of the medicine can differ from one person to the other based on factors such as medical history and gender.

Findings of the research were published in a book by the duo, titled "Beta Blocker: Its Effect and Safety" affirming the safety of beta-blockers, specifically in patients experiencing hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes, anxiety, and other illnesses.

According to the Journal of Current Problems in Cardiology, the burden of cardiovascular disease has decreased in the region, but there remains a considerable death and morbidity rate, especially from ischemic heart disease (heart muscle weakening caused by reduced blood flow). The research findings from this book will help educate the public and patients on the effectiveness of different beta blockers in treating heart diseases on males and females of different age groups.

“The research, subsequently published in our book, helps give patients and doctors an idea of the medicine’s efficacy and benefits. I was diagnosed with hypertension at an early age and took beta blockers. That has inspired my journey into educating the public about this treatment option and its effectiveness on the different age groups and genders. However, patients should never use beta blockers without the supervision of a physician,” said Dr. Rohit Mishra, Assistant Professor of Pathology at St. George’s University, School of Medicine.

Related: Stroke care in MENA: challenges, progress, and promising pathways

Dr. Aishwarya Singh, Assistant Professor of Pathology at St. George’s University, School of Medicine said: “We wanted our efforts to also help bridge the gap between research on beta blockers and the pressing issue of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) being the leading cause of death globally, including the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). While beta blockers are primarily used for cardio-related illnesses such as heart failure, they are also used for treating migraines and glaucoma (nerve damage causing vision loss), and we hope our book will stimulate further conversations among global medical professionals.” 

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